Cellular Jail
Also known as Kaala Paani (black waters), the cellular jail is perhaps one of the most infamous remnants of India’s struggle for independence. The jail is located at Port Blair and is a recommended place to visit. The construction of the prison started in 1896 and was completed in 1906 and the bricks used in the construction were imported from Burma. The building comprised of 7 wings which were designed in a criss-cross pattern with its center being a tower used by the guards to keep a close watch on the prisoners. The main motive of the establishment of this prison was solitary confinement of the prisoners. The wings were built in a manner that the face of each cell only saw the back of the cell opposite to it. Many freedom fighters were incarcerated in this prison colony including Veer Savarkar and Batukeshwar Dutt. As of today the cellular jail has been transformed into a hospital with 500 beds and 40 doctors who serve the local population.